Gastric Bypass Laparoscopic Surgery
Your has recommended that you undergolaparoscopic gastric bypass surgery. But what exactly does that mean? Gastric Bypass is a surgical procedure usedto help a patient lose weight. It is usually recommended to help those whoare morbidly obese meaning that their weight problem has become a serious health risk. Most severely overweight patients overeat.Food enters the body through the mouth, travels down the esophagus where it collects in thestomach. From there, digested food passes into thesmall intestine. Nutrients taken from the
food pass from the small intestine into thebloodstream. Waste travels to the colon and leaves thebody through the anus. The amount of food that a person eats is partlycontrolled by appetite. The stomach plays an important role in controlling appetite.When the stomach is empty, a person feels the urge to eat. When the stomach is full,that urge goes away. Gastric bypass dramatically reduces the sizeof the stomach. Gastric Bypass also shortens the small intestine so that the body absorbsless of the food eaten. With less food entering the body, fat storesbegin to be used. The patient loses weight.
So make sure that you ask your to carefullyexplain the reasons behind this recommendation. Your Procedure: On the day of your operation, you will beasked to put on a surgical gown. You may receive a sedative by mouth and anintravenous line may be put in. You will then be transferred to the operatingtable. The anesthesiologist will begin to administeranesthesia probably general anesthesia by injection and inhalation mask. The surgeon will then apply antiseptic solutionto the skin and place a sterile drape around
the operative site. Then, when you are asleep, the surgical teamwill make an incision just above the navel. A tubeshaped collar called a trocar willbe placed inside the incision to hold it open. Harmless carbon dioxide gas will be used toinflate the abdomen, serving to enlarge the work area and to separate the organs. The team then inserts the laparoscope. Once in place, the laparoscope will providetutorial images that allow the surgeon to see the inside of your abdomen.
Next, the team makes four more incisions takingspecial care to keep the openings as small as possible. These openings will provide accessfor other surgical instruments. Using these instruments your will thencut the upper portion of the stomach from the rest of the organ This upper portion forms a small pouch whichis sealed with a stapling tool. The opening in the larger portion of the stomach is closedwith staples. The next step is to divide the small intestine. The main part of the intestine is pulled upward,behind the colon and positioned near the small
upper stomach pouch. The other free end of the intestine is surgicallystitched to the side of an intestinal loop. The other end is now attached to the smallstomach pouch. A new route for food passing from the esophagus into the intestines hasnow been created. Finally, your will check to make surethat all the new connections are secure and that there are no leaks. A drain is added to remove any excess fluidsand the carbon dioxide is allowed to escape. Then the team withdraws all surgical instrumentsand the incisions are closed with sutures